The Signs and Symptoms of Hormone Imbalance in Men
Men who develop a hormonal imbalance can experience troublesome symptoms. However, there are ways to treat the problem. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) or even just natural hormone boosting can help men feel like themselves again. Learn about the signs and symptoms of hormone imbalance in men and the treatment options available.
How Testosterone and COVID-19 Are Related
A hormonal imbalance is when the body has too much or too little of the major hormones. Hormones are chemicals the endocrine system produces to regulate functions throughout the body. In particular, they are responsible for:
- Growth and development
- Heart rate
- Metabolism, including body temperature and appetite
- Mood and stress levels
- Reproductive cycles and sexual functioning
- Sleep cycles
There are three hormones primarily responsible for imbalances in men:
- Testosterone: Low testosterone levels can cause andropause, which is commonly known as male menopause.
- Cortisol: Low levels of cortisol can cause adrenal fatigue, especially if a man is exposed to long-term stressors.
- Thyroid hormones: Low levels, or hypothyroidism, may lead to a decrease in metabolism; conversely, hyperthyroidism, or too-high levels of thyroid hormones, can result in increased metabolism.
Symptoms of a Hormonal Imbalance in Men
Men with a hormonal imbalance may notice many symptoms, depending on which hormone is involved. Although not severe, these issues can interfere with a man’s daily life. The most common symptoms a man might experience include:n between low testosterone and COVID-19 illness was the upregulation of certain receptors on lung cells. To understand this connection, one must consider how the SARS-CoV-2 virus enters the body. The virus enters through the mucous membranes—the eyes, nose, or mouth—and then binds to the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE-2) receptors on the lung’s alveolar epithelial cells. ACE-2 receptors are also expressed by the Leydig cells in the testes.
When a man’s testosterone levels drop, his body receives a signal to upregulate more ACE-2 receptors to compensate. A man who has low testosterone levels, then, will have more ACE-2 receptors not only on the cells of his testes, but also on his lung cells. This means that more entry points on his lung cells are available to the SARS-CoV-2 virus, making the lungs more vulnerable. Once the SARS-CoV-2 virus enters these vulnerable cells, men with low testosterone levels face a greater risk of lung damage and breakdown of their respiratory muscles, both of which can lead to a higher likelihood of needing to be ventilated.
- Dry, itchy skin
- Erectile dysfunction
- Gynecomastia, or enlargement of the breast tissue
- Low sex drive
- Mood swings, anxiety, or irritability
- Problems sleeping
- Recurring headaches
- Unexplained weight gain
- Unexplained weight loss or loss of muscle
Causes of Hormonal Imbalance in Men
While it is natural for men to experience a fluctuation in hormonal levels from time to time, prolonged imbalances can be caused by several issues. Stress, poor nutrition, and obesity are all lifestyle factors that can lead to hormonal imbalances. Men may also experience issues if they take steroid medications regularly.
Several medical conditions can also alter the hormonal balance of the body. These include:
- Addison’s disease
- Allergic reactions
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Cushing syndrome
- Diabetes (both type 1 and type 2)
- Pituitary tumors
Getting Diagnosed With a Hormonal Imbalance
Getting diagnosed with a hormonal imbalance will require a visit to the doctor. At the appointment, the doctor will perform a blood test to check the levels of all the sex hormones in the body and may also do a sperm count test to see if the levels are below normal. The doctor will also offer a questionnaire and conduct a physical exam to look for clinical signs of an imbalance.
Treatment for Hormonal Imbalances in Men
If hormone levels are too low, the main form of treatment is usually hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). HRT can be helpful for those with low cortisol or thyroid hormone, while TRT is ideal for those with low testosterone. A more natural approach can also be taken to increase the body’s hormone production.
HRT involves taking synthetic versions of the hormone the patient is missing. These can usually be taken through an injection.
TRT also involves taking a testosterone supplement as either an injectable or cream. TRT can help men improve their sexual functioning, boost their libido, and even increase their muscle and bone strength.
Side Effects of Treatment
Hormone and testosterone replacement therapy have a few potential side effects. That said, correcting the hormonal imbalance in the patient’s body typically fixes many more problems than it could potentially cause. That’s why many men choose hormone or testosterone replacement therapy despite the low chance of side effects.
HRT & TRT at Vitality RX®
Vitality RX® offers several options to address hormonal imbalances, including diet and lifestyle modifications, rebooting the body’s natural hormone production, vitamin programs, and HRT and TRT. Individuals in Los Angeles interested in more information can contact us at (323) 968-9240 or book a complimentary appointment online. Vitality RX® provides HRT and TRT services at the comfort of your home or office and offers concierge-style testing and telemed consultations with hormone specialists. Don’t sacrifice a large part of your day waiting or traveling. We always come to you, and at your convenience.